The Currency Museum of Oman was established by the Central Bank. It is located in Muscat, Ruwi .One of its numerous features if a currency collection which illustrates the history of Omani coinage in the pre-Islam and Islamic periods, as well as the history of the Currency and paper money in circulation during the period before the issue of the first national currency.
The Museum contains such Currency as the first Islamic silver Dirhams, which are similar to the Sasanian Drachma, in addition to Byzantine Currency and Islamic gold Dinars and copper Files pieces. History records that the earliest Islamic mint in the Arabian Peninsula was in Oman and that the oldest coin known in Arabia was minted in Oman. This coin - a silver Dirham - dates from the reign of the Ummayad Caliph Abdul Malik bin Marwan and bears the name of Oman. It was minted in the year 81 AH (700 AC). Other Islamic Currency on display bear verses from the Holy Quran and the Hijri date.
The Museum also contains several examples of foreign imperial currency that was in circulation in Oman between 1801 and 1970 – a time of extensive commercial and economic relations with the outside world; during that period transactions were conclude in Maria Theresa Dollars – minted in Europe from pure silver – and other foreign currencie