Jabal Samhan Nature Reserve is a nature reserve in Dhofar, Oman. It has an area of 4,500 square kilometres (1,700 sq mi) and has no permanent population. It is one of the last places with wild Arabian leopards.
Various plants grow in the plain of Jabal Samhan, such as acacia and gum trees. The narrow mountain passes have little water but there are a number of streams, which are an important source of water for most animals found in the region. Besides the Arabian leopard (considered a rare animal), these mountains are home to a number of other mammals such as the Arabian gazelle, foxes and the Nubian ibex.
The reserve is one of the last refuges for the Arabian leopard. The most important prey species are Arabian gazelle, Nubian ibex, Cape hare, rock hyrax, Indian crested porcupine, desert hedgehog and several bird species. Occasionally they might prey on domestic livestock. Other predators, which are found in the reserve, include caracal, striped hyena and Arabian wolf.