Samad al-Shan is an archaeological site in the Sharqiyah province, Oman where Late Iron Age remains were first identified, hence the Samad Period or assemblage. The site was discovered by archaeological surveyors from Harvard University (1971). It is located 2 km east of the village of al-Maysar (since c. 1995 al-Moyassar).
Samad is the type-site for the non-writing Late Iron Age of Central Oman in south-eastern Arabia. This cultural assemblage evidences protoscript in the form of characters scratched onto pottery vessels. It is preceded by the Early Iron Age which differs in terms of pottery from that distributed in the neighbouring present-day United Arab Emirates. The remains of different pre-Islamic periods exist at Samad. Evidence appears from c. 100 BCE to c. 300 CE for the Samad Late Iron Age. Other artefact assemblages exist parallel to it in Oman and the United Arab Emirates. The Samad Late Iron Age is little researched, despite extensive excavation at the type-site. New research may easily change the chronology and area of distribution.